In Europe approximately 10% of all children are born prematurely (before week 38).
Infants born 22>28 weeks gestation (approx. 500-1000g) have been termed as having threshold viability.
At these low gestations there is less than a 50% chance of survival.
Many children born this small will suffer from complications and disability in the long-term.
Medical and/or ethical guidelines on the provision of intensive care to pre-term infants vary widely across Europe, in particular with respect to the exact gestational age from which on life-sustaining methods are initiated.
The role of the parents in the decision making process is also variable.
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